This dry valley in the hills of the West Bank, directly across the Nile from Luxor, is one of the most remarkable archaeological destinations in the world – the burial place of some 60 of the New Kingdom pharaohs for a period of nearly 500 years from the 16th to 11th Century BC. The whole area became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1979. The valley shot to worldwide fame with Howard Carter's 1922 discovery of the almost-intact royal burial of the young king Tutankhamun. The fabulous riches of the tomb can now be seen in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo. However, there are many much larger and more highly decorated underground tombs in the Valley of the Kings. In the nearby Valley of the Queens over 70 tombs have been discovered. One of the best known is that of Nefertari (1290-1224 BC), the best-loved of Rameses II's numerous wives. Some of the tombs look as if they have only recently been painted – and yet they were carved and painted over 3,000 years ago! The Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut is one of the most beautiful Ancient Egyptian temples and was constructed for Egypt’s first female ruler.